Temporomanidbular joint is located at the front part of the ears on both the sides and facilitate the movement of the lower jaw. This is a hinge type of joint that allows the lower mandible to be moved up down and sideways. The fundamental functions served through such movements include the chewing of the food by the teeth, talking and yawning. All these are very basic functions, especially the teeth function. The disorders related to this joint are therefore covered under the specializations of dentistry. The last few decades have seen the orthodontists offering their specialty services which also include the treatment of TMJ disorders. TMJ treatment in India is now available through the super specialty clinics that are run by experts.
The TMJ disorder symptoms
TMJ symptoms are often not clearly delineated while these remain more or less persistent. This is rather contradictory and leads to the situation when the person keeps neglecting the condition and shies from reaching to the medical practitioner. The most common symptom is the mild aching on the side of the face. This aching is often combined with the feeling of fatigue in the face and especially forehead and it is here that the correct distinctions are not possible in most of the cases. Headache is also suffered by the persons at the end of the day, especially in the latter half of the day. These symptoms could be analyzed for TMJ disorder only by an experienced orthodontist who can make the authentic linkages between the cause and effect. TMJ treatment in India is offered after ascertaining the causes.
The underlying causes and cures
The physiotherapy –
Psychological stress has been identified as the main reason behind such symptoms and often there are no specific clues to the stress quotients in any person. TMJ treatment in India for such cases is geared towards the behavioral therapies including the targeted stress reduction. This allows for the dissolution of the stress that has been accumulated in the temporomandibular joint of the face. It should be stated that psychological stress leaves maximum impact on the face, including its muscles, skin and eyes. The TMJ gets stiff therefore and develops pain/aching.
Internal medicine –
In minor cases, shooting pain is also experienced by the person in the TMJ. These cases are often traced to arthritis of the joints that is a general whole body condition. There could be different reasons for the arthritis in each case and therefore the TMJ treatment requires specialized internal medicine.
Immediate pain symptoms emerge in the event of any accident like fall, crash or scuffle/blow to the face. This causes traumatic injury to the TMJ and the connective tissue that connects to the joint. Inflammation can also occur in a short time span and could continue for fairly long. In cases of severe damages, surgeries are also required through administration of anesthesia and followed by long recovery time.
TMJ treatment in India covers such intricate surgeries that include the realignment of the TMJ and correcting the fractures also.