Sleep Apnea is a serious sleeping disorder in which people stop breathing for 10 or more seconds in their sleep. These episodes of short cessations can occur up to 800 or more number of times in one night. As a result of this, a person can get up from a deep slumber every time this cessation happens. As a result, you are not able to get a peaceful and restful night’s sleep. Since the person moves from a deep sleep to shallow sleep, and does not get up fully, he or she may not be aware of this problem happening.
Types Of Sleep Apnea
There are two types of sleep Apnea, Obstructive Apnea and Central Apnea. Of the two, obstructive Apnea is more common with as many as 9 out of 10 patients of sleep Apnea suffering from this type of disorder. OSA occurs due to the presence of blockages in the airways, which result in reduced levels of oxygen in the body. Blockages can occur due to blocked nose. Tongue, tonsil, redundant throat tissue or uvula. Fatty tissues in the throat or relaxed throat muscles can also be a cause of these blockages. Central sleep Apnea is a rare condition and occurs due to problems in the functioning of the Central nervous system. In this case, the brain does not send the signal to the muscles to breathe.
Symptoms Of Sleep Apnea
Some of the common symptoms to look out for detecting this problem are as follows:
- Snoring loudly
- Jaws stay clenched
- Headaches in the morning
- Not feeling fresh even after sleeping
- Mouth feels dry on getting up
- High blood pressure
- Feeling irritated all the time
- Personality changes
- Concentrating becomes difficult
- Sweating, even when asleep
- Heartburn, reduced libido and Insomnia
- Choking or gasping while sleeping
- Feeling confused when you wake up
Seriousness Of This Disease
The ultimate result of this problem can be fatal as it can result in heart attacks, strokes, high blood pressure, heart diseases or impotence. Besides these internal body problems, OSA also causes drowsiness during the daytime, which can result in accidents and problems in work and personal life. The extent of these problems varies from person to person. With the increase in age, this problem keeps on aggravating and therefore, early detection and treatment is important.
Sleep Apnea Is Common
In America alone, it is estimated that 18 to 70 million Americans suffer from this problem, which results in sleeping disorders and breathing problems. People, belonging to different age groups, are affected by it and depending on the age the extent of damage caused by this disease also varies.
The life of the people affected by this disease gets affected greatly and many times they are not even aware of this. The quality of life that a person leads depends directly on the quality of his or her sleep and therefore a person with good sleeping and breathing patterns tend to lead a better emotional, physical and psychological life.